Cataracts – A cataract is when the transparent membrane inside of the eye becomes cloudy and makes it hard to see. The transparent lens can break down over time or the protein that makes up this lens can start to clump causing the cloudiness to appear. This development usually occurs with age; however, cataracts may occur in children.
Diabetic Retinopathy – People with diabetes may develop this serious condition which affects the retina. High levels of blood sugar may damage tiny blood vessels in your eye causing poor circulation and other issues. Due to a lack of symptoms, it is very important that patients ensure they have a comprehensive exam each year. Proper diagnosis and treatment will help prevent permanent damage to your eyes.
Dry Eye – Almost 10 million Americans are affected every year by dry-eye syndrome. If your eyes often feel gritty and irritated or your eyes water excessively, you might be as well. Dry eye syndrome is caused by a lack of poor-quality tears. Tears normally lubricate the outer layers of the eye and if they are not composed of a proper balance of mucous, water, and oil, the outer layers of the eye called the cornea and conjunctiva become irritated.
Glaucoma – Glaucoma is a common eye disorder affecting millions of Americans. The natural fluid inside the eye helps to nourish and cleanse the eye by constantly flowing in and out. When there is an abundance of fluid or a blockage preventing fluid from flowing out, the intraocular pressure increases and damages the optic nerve. Over time, this pressure can cause the loss of peripheral vision.
Macular Degeneration – Macular degeneration is caused by the deterioration of the central part of the retina which records everything we see, sends it to the optic nerve which sends it on to the brain. The central part of the retina is called the macula and this controls our ability to read, to drive, to recognize faces and see the fine details. When the macula starts to deteriorate, there is a gradual loss of the ability to see things clearly or in color. Unfortunately, there isn’t a cure for this, but treatments will help reduce the progression of the disease.
Retinal Detachment – The lining of the inner back wall of the eye is called the retina and it collects light and transmits images to the optic nerve and brain. Retinal detachment occurs when this back wall separates from the retina. This serious condition can cause permanent damage and vision loss if not treated quickly.